In case this term is foreign to you, a “running objection” is sometimes offered by a party taking a deposition (or during a hearing or trial) when it appears that they are going to repeatedly encounter the same or similar objection. Here’s an example of how it would arise:
Examining Attorney: “Why did your supervisor finally decide you should receive discipline?”
Defending Attorney: “Objection, calls for speculation, lacks foundation.”
Examining Attorney: “Counsel, why don’t we just agree you’ll have a running objection, so you don’t have to keep interrupting?”
Defending Attorney: “Thanks for the offer, but I would prefer to address each question separately.”
There are probably a wide variety of reasons why attorneys offer running objections. I’ve even done it. First, on the surface they would seem to streamline the deposition process, saving both time and money, since each individual objection consumes time and transcript space. Why not give/take a running objection and cut down on the interruptions, shorten the deposition and transcript?
But I almost never accept the offer if I’m attending or defending a deposition. Why? First, while I’m not interested in impeding the search for truth, I don’t view my job at a deposition to include making the examining attorney’s job an easy one. If he/she asks a crappy question, it’s his/her fault, not mine. If this results in repeated or even frequent objections, then he/she should hone his/her deposition skills. It’s not my goal to interrupt the examiner’s flow–which is inevitable every time I make an objection–but it is an incidental benefit of objecting to protect the record. If the examiner want’s to reduce the incidence of these interruptions, he/she should ask proper questions.
Second, the principal purpose of making an objection is to preserve the objection so the judge can later consider it and make a ruling if the deposition transcript is used at trial (or as evidence in another capacity, say in support of a motion for summary judgment). The examiner has a choice, upon receiving the objection. He/she can push forward (assuming there has been no instruction to the witness not to answer) and require the witness to respond. Or, he/she can consider the objection, conclude it may have some merit and rephrase the question. The benefit to me, as the attorney representing the witness, is that my witness will potentially get a proper question. This is important where the objection to the question is that it is vague and ambiguous. While such an objection may not be ultimately sustained by a trial judge, it might prompt the examiner to rephrase the question so that my witness is responding to a question that is less vague, less ambiguous.
Finally, it can be cumbersome to obtain a ruling on a running objection. For example, in the context of an all day deposition, imagine I accept the offer of a running objection at 11 am, which ends up on page 45 of the transcript. The examiner continues to ask objectionable questions for the remainder of the day, but I stay mum based on the running objection. Later, the case proceeds to trial or a motion for summary judgment is filed, and a bad, objectionable question from late in the day is about to see the light of day. I want to obtain a ruling on the objection, but it becomes a cumbersome exercise, as I have to point the court back to a much earlier part of the transcript, where I obtained a running objection.
This is not to say that running objections are a bad idea. I just prefer, if I am defending a deposition, to deal with each question individually. If you do agree to a running objection, be sure to remain vigilant. If a question is objectionable for an additional reason not addressed by the running objection, it is important to raise the additional objection or risk waiver.